HARTOG COMMITTEE REPORT, The Government of India Act of did not satisfy the Indian people. In order to satisfy the Indian people it was felt. on constitutional reforms was to be appointed in But owing to the tary education. The auxiliary Committee popularly known as the Hartog Committee. formation of the Simon Commission in and the appointment of the Hartog Committee in alongwith its recommendations on Primary, Secondary.

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The committee found that the whole system of secondary education was dominated by the matriculation examination and the ideal of every boy who entered a secondary school was commtitee prepare himself for the university examinations.

But the report of the Hartog committee received cold and hostile reception in the nationalist circles because they felt that a definite programme of expansion was urgently needed for the liquidation harog illiteracy and mass education in the country.

But the universities have failed to produce leaders of society both from the qualitative and quantitative points of view. The Indian leaders were not satisfied with the working of diarchy. We know that the essence hwrtog Hartog committee was the importance on qualitative improvement of primary education and not on committee quantitative expansion.

Accordingly some steps taken by the Government led to the qualitative improvement of this stage. Primary schools should serve as centres for rural uplift works, medical relief, adult education, mass literacy, sanitation, recreation etc Finance: Under what circumstances was the Hartog Committee formed?

Recommendations on Secondary Education 3. Finance was kept as a reserved subject.

This led to an unbalanced growth in the field of education. Training institutions should have better equipment and efficient staff. Therefore, before making the recommendations, the committee pointed out the major defects of the existing system of primary education quite convincingly.

Result of Recommendations Relating the curricula and methods of teaching to the conditions of villages in which children live and read. List four important recommendations for the improvement of primary educational. Finance was kept back as a reserved subject. Examination for administrative services: This Act is known as Montford Reform. Already we have discussed in detail the recommendations of the Hartog Committee in different spheres of education. Efforts should be concentrated on improving university work cluture, on confining the university to its proper function of providing good advanced education to students, who are fit to receive it and to make the university a more fruitful agency in the life of the community.


The organization thereby set up was renamed in the National Foundation for Educational Research in England and Wales, and in it applied for a royal charter.

The committee also stated that the lowering of standards is also due to indiscriminate admissions and poor work culture in secondary schools. In rural areas school units are usually small, adequate staffing is more expensive, the conditions of living are not attractive to teachers, needs for supervision and inspection is much greater and it is more difficult to secure regular and prolonged attendance of children.

Recommendation of Hartog Commission (1929)

The Government therefore authorised the commission to appoint a Committee to help it in preparing a report on education. This will be followed by formation of the Simon Commission in and comimttee appointment of the Hartog Committee in alongwith its recommendations on Primary, Secondary, Higher and other aspects of education. Recommendations on Higher Education 4. List the defects of university education as pointed out by Hartog committee A department of education commirtee be established at the centre to coordinate with the activities of the DPIs.

All India Educational Comjittee, Wardha Regular promotion of the students to the next higher class is interrupted resulting in the withdrawal of the student from school learning. Many schools recruit teachers for nine months only and thus avoiding the payment of vocation salaries and increments.

Therefore, the salaries and service conditions of the teachers should be improved so as to attract really capable persons into the job. Hartog was also a member of the Sadler Commission. The harotg recommended for the appointment of more personnel in the department of education and appointment of more inspecting staff for the assistance of DPIs.


Philip Hartog – Wikipedia

The committee recommended the removal of such evils for the improvement of secondary education. The general economic conditions of the villagers were also unfavourable to the spread of mass education. Hartog was also the prime mover in the setting up by the Ministry of Labour and National Service before the outbreak of war in of a Linguistic Committee of the Appointments Registry, and he was its first chairman.

This Committee was appointed to survey the growth of education in British India. All educational powers were transferred to the representatives of commitgee people but they have limited resources.

This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat The committee looked at the defects and suggested for their remedy. Hartog was the Chairman of the Hartog Committee appointed by the Simon Commission to prepare a report on education. It had no other purpose before it. In his obituary it states, “Few educationists still working as did in octogenarian years could look back on so varied, strenuous, and fruitful a career as his.

According to Hartog Committee the system of secondary education was exam oriented and the percent of failures in Matriculation examination was very large. But when the war came to an end the British Government did not keep their promise.

They may be outlined below—. Hartog Committee made a thorough study of the primary education in India. All these things created a difficult situation for the progress of education. Children had to help their parents in agriculture and the parents found that if they sent their children to schools, their work would suffer.

Philip Hartog

Therefore it argued for commottee improvement. The report of the Committee holds a unique position in the history of Indian education. As early asand again inhe had written treatises on examinations in their bearing on national efficiency and on culture and general efficiency. The committee observed that there was considerable progress made in education by the time.