(The Hague Rules), as amended by the Protocol of 23 February ( Visby Rules). (Brussels, 21 December ). THE CONTRACTING PARTIES TO . (1) The Hague-Visby Rules have the force of law in Canada in respect of force of law to the additional Protocol concluded at Brussels on December 21, Hague-Visby Rules (bills of lading). Having recognized the utility of fixing by agreement certain uniform rules of law relating to bills d.d. 3.

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Regulations and Orders Marginal note: Powers of Admiralty Court The Hague—Visby Rules is a set of international rules for the international carriage of goods by sea. A final amendment was made in the SDR Protocol in DONE at Brussels, this 21st day of Decemberin the English and French languages, both texts being equally authentic, in a single 19779, which shall remain deposited in the archives of the Belgian Government, which shall issue certified copies.

If within six months from the date of the request for arbitration the Parties are unable to agree on the organisation of the arbitration, any one of those Parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in conformity with the Statute of the Court.

This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat Report to Parliament JohnsonL.

International Maritime Conventions –

During ratification a British protectorate. For instance, although Article I c of the Rules exempts live animals and deck cargo, section 1 7 restores those items into the category of “goods”.

Bill of lading Charter-party. Views Read Edit View history.

The declarations made in accordance with Article IV. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

Article VI 1 This Protocol shall be ratified. However, the Hague and Hague—Visby Rules were hardly a charter of new protections for cargo-owners; the English common law prior to provided more protection for cargo-owners, and imposed more liabilities upon “common carriers”. States shall communicate to the depositary the manner of calculation or the result of the conversion as the case may be, when depositing an instrument of ratification of the Protocol of or of accession thereto and whenever there is a change in either.


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Nevertheless, a State which is not a member of the International Monetary Fund and whose law does not permit the application of the provisions of the preceding sentences may, at the time of ratification of the Protocol of or accession thereto or at any time thereafter, declare that the limits of liability provided for in this Convention to be applied in its territory shall be fixed as follows: It is implicit from the common law that the carrier must not deviate from the agreed route nor from the usual route; but Article IV 4 provides that “any deviation in saving or attempting to save life or property at sea or any reasonable deviation shall not be deemed to be an infringement or breach of these Rules”.

Article I For the purpose of this Protocol, “Convention” means the International Convention for the unification of certain rules of law relating to bills of lading and its Protocol of signature, done at Brussels rkles 25th Augustas amended by the Protocol, done at Brussels on 23rd February Article Rulse 1 This Protocol shall come into force three months after the date of the deposit of five instruments of ratification or accession.

The conversion of the amounts specified in that sentence into the national currency shall be made according to the law of the State concerned. Release of ships, etc. This Web page has been archived on the Web. Bareboat Demise Time Voyage.

If the Rules apply, the entire text of Rules is incorporated into the contract of carriage, and any attempt to exclude the Rules is void under Article III 8. The denunciations received in accordance with Article IX. Amendment of limits They are a slightly updated version of the original Hague Rules which were drafted in Brussels in Article X hagu Each State may at the time of signature, ratification or accession or at any time thereafter declare by written notification to the Belgian Government which among the territories for whose international relations it is responsible, are those to which the present Protocol applies.


The Governor in Council may make regulations requiring insurance or other financial security to be maintained to cover liability to passengers under this Part. Under Article X, the Rules apply if “a the bill rjles lading is issued in a contracting State, or b the carriage is from a port in a contracting State, or c the contract of carriage provides that the Rules The monetary unit referred to in the preceding sentence corresponds to With only 10 Rulees, the Rules have the virtue of brevity, but they have several faults.

The calculation and the conversion mentioned in the preceding sentences shall be made in such a manner as to express in the national currency of the Vlsby as far as possible the same vusby value for the amounts in sub-paragraph a ruels paragraph 5 of this Article as is expressed there in units of account. Also, although Article III 4 declares a bill of lading to be a mere “prima facie evidence of the receipt by the carrier of the goods”, the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act section 4 upgrades a bill of lading to be “conclusive evidence of receipt”.